The Asian American Research Center on Health (ARCH) includes prominent
For healthy weight charts in different Asian languages, click here.
We are continuing to refine the Asian BMI calculator http://asianarch.org/bmi/calc/BMICalculator.html and healthy weight chart in multiple Asian languages http://asianarch.org/resources.html . Please disseminate to clinicians and community members and send us feedback!
Last Quarterly Meeting Presentation link (5/21/15)
"Essential Community Providers for our Communities: Asian American Physicians in Solo and Small Group Primary Care Practices," presented by Ignatius Bau from NCAPIP on the last month quarterly meeting, May 21st, 2015. Click here for link of presentation.
Congratulations to ARCH investigators for their recent publications and presentations!
- Janice Tsoh and collaborators published an analysis of the California Health Interview Survey entitled “Low health literacy and cancer screening among Chinese Americans in California: a cross-sectional analysis” in which low health literacy and limited English proficiency was negative associated with up-to-date breast and colorectal cancer screening, independent of a recent physician visit.
- Alka Kanaya and collaborators published “Optimum BMI Cut Points to Screen Asian Americans for Type 2 Diabetes” in Diabetes Care. The BMI cut point for identifying Asian Americans who should be screened for undiagnosed type 2 diabetes should be <25 kg/m2, and ≥23 kg/m2 may be the most practical.
- Bang Nguyen, Stephen McPhee and Tung Nguyen published “Cognitive Interviews of Vietnamese Americans on Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Health Educational Materials” in Ecology of Food and Nutrition. This was the first study to document that family eating style poses a challenge for estimating food intake among Vietnamese Americans.
- Jane Jih and colleagues published “Patient-physician language concordance and use of preventive care services among limited English proficient Latinos and Asians” in Public Health Reports. Patient-physician language concordance was not associated with higher use of mammography, colorectal cancer screening, or influenza vaccination and language concordance was negatively associated with colorectal cancer screening among Asians.
- Leah Karliner on the awarding of her Patient-Centered Outcomes Research Institute (PCORI) grant entitled "Clinician Language Concordance and Interpreter Use: Impact of a Systems Intervention on Communication and Clinical Outcomes."
In a systematic review examining ethnic/racial disparities in end-of-life care for cancer patients, hospice was the most studied end-of-life care, and was most used among Whites, followed by use among Hispanics, and least used by African and Asian Americans.
In a Southern California community church-based study, 973 first generation Koreans were screened for hepatitis B and the prevalence of chronic hepatitis B was found to be 3.0% which was lower than expected hepatitis B prevalence. In this study, 20% of participants were susceptible to hepatitis B and 76% were immune due to natural infection (35.7%) or vaccination (40.3%).
Using the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program from 1992-2009, the 5 year metastatic colon cancer survival rates increased significantly from 11.4 % (95 % CI 9.4-13.6) to 17.7 % (95 % CI 15.1-20.5) in non-Hispanic Asians.
In a cross-sectional survey of 190 Chinese immigrants with depression seeking primary care, contrary to prior findings that depressed Chinese individuals tend to present with primarily somatic symptoms, participants were more likely to report chief complaints and illness labels related to depressed mood than physical symptoms.
In a self-administered structured and scenario-based survey conducted among 1465 ICU physicians in 16 Asian countries and regions, ICU physicians in Asia reported that they often withheld but seldom withdrew life-sustaining treatments at the end of life and attitudes and practice varied widely across countries and regions.
In a cross-sectional community-based participatory research study of 165 Laotians, Laotian women were four times more likely to receive hepatitis B vaccination than men despite that men were more likely to believe that infection with hepatitis B is preventable, and treatable, causes liver cancer, and that healthy persons should be vaccinated.
Taylor et al reported on gastric cancer in Asian American populations as a neglected health disparity.
With a household probability sample of 331 US residing Cambodian refugees, prevalence of diabetes, hypertension and hyperlipidemia in Cambodian refugees greatly exceeded rates found in the age- and gender-adjusted U.S. population.
Braun et al tested the use of lay navigators to increase cancer screening of Asian and Pacific Islander Medicare beneficiaries in a randomized control trial. At study exit, 57.0% of women in the experimental arm and 36.4% of controls had had a Papanicolaou test in the past 24 months (P = .001), 61.7% of women in the experimental arm and 42.4% of controls had had a mammogram in the past 12 months (P = .003), 54.4% of men in the experimental arm and 36.0% of controls had had a prostate-specific antigen test in the past 12 months (P = .008), and 43.0% of both sexes in the experimental arm and 27.2% of controls had had a flexible sigmoidoscopy or colonoscopy in the past 5 years (P < .001).
Using the California Health Interview Survey, Lee et al found that health literacy was positively correlated with health status in Chinese and Korean immigrants, and negatively correlated with depression symptoms in Korean and South Asian immigrants.
In an analysis of nationally representative sample of 96,121 Chinese adults, the estimated percentage of ideal cardiovascular health as defined according the American Heart Association's 2020 Strategic Impact Goals was 0.2% in the general adult population in China (0.1% in men and 0.4% in women).
Shah et al found having a family physician from the same ethnic group was associated with better quality of diabetes care for Chinese but not for South Asian patients.
Using the 2009 National Longitudinal Study of Adolescent Health, Carreon and Baumeister found that that immigrant Filipinos and Vietnamese were less likely to get a checkup compared with foreign-born Chinese. The effect of Asian subgroup was modified by the percentage of Asians in a census tract (p < 0.01).
In an analysis of data from the Surveillance, Epidemiology, and End Results Program, Trinh et al reported that despite adjustment for potential confounders, including the receipt of definitive treatment and tumor characteristics, most Asian subgroups had better cancer-specific mortality than non-Hispanic white patients.
BMJ Open. 2015 Jan 5;5(1):e006104. doi: 10.1136/bmjopen-2014-006104.
Low health literacy and cancer screening among Chinese Americans in California: a cross-sectional analysis.
Sentell TL1, Tsoh JY2, Davis T3, Davis J4, Braun KL5.
Diabetes Care. 2015 Feb 9. pii: dc142071. [Epub ahead of print]
Optimum BMI Cut Points to Screen Asian Americans for Type 2 Diabetes.
Araneta MR1, Kanaya AM2, Hsu WC3, Chang HK4, Grandinetti A4, Boyko EJ5, Hayashi T6, Kahn SE7, Leonetti DL8, McNeely MJ9, Onishi Y10, Sato KK6,Fujimoto WY9.
Ecol Food Nutr. 2015 Mar 17:1-15. [Epub ahead of print]
Cognitive Interviews of Vietnamese Americans on Healthy Eating and Physical Activity Health Educational Materials.
Nguyen BH1, Nguyen CP, McPhee SJ, Stewart SL, Bui-Tong N, Nguyen TT.
Public Health Rep. 2015 Mar-Apr;130(2):134-42.
Patient-physician language concordance and use of preventive care services among limited english proficient latinos and asians.
Jih J1, Vittinghoff E2, Fernandez A3.
Am J Hosp Palliat Care. 2014 Dec 29. pii: 1049909114565658. [Epub ahead of print]
End-of-Life Care for People With Cancer From Ethnic Minority Groups: A Systematic Review.
LoPresti MA1, Dement F2, Gold HT3.
BMC Infect Dis. 2014 May 17;14:269. doi: 10.1186/1471-2334-14-269.
Lower than expected hepatitis B virus infection prevalence among first generation Koreans in the U.S.: results of HBV screening in the Southern California Inland Empire.
Navarro N, Lim N, Kim J, Joo E, Che K, Runyon BA, Mendler MH1.
Cancer Causes Control. 2014 Apr;25(4):419-23. doi: 10.1007/s10552-014-0344-z. Epub 2014 Jan 21.
Disparities in survival improvement for metastatic colorectal cancer by race/ethnicity and age in the United States.
Sineshaw HM1, Robbins AS, Jemal A.
Asian J Psychiatr. 2014 Dec 22. pii: S1876-2018(14)00284-6. doi: 10.1016/j.ajp.2014.12.005. [Epub ahead of print]
Illness beliefs of Chinese American immigrants with major depressive disorder in a primary care setting.
Chen JA1, Hung GC2, Parkin S3, Fava M4, Yeung AS5.
JAMA Intern Med. 2015 Mar 1;175(3):363-71. doi: 10.1001/jamainternmed.2014.7386.
Withholding and withdrawal of life-sustaining treatments in intensive care units in Asia.
Phua J1, Joynt GM2, Nishimura M3, Deng Y4, Myatra SN5, Chan YH6, Binh NG7, Tan CC8, Faruq MO9, Arabi YM10, Wahjuprajitno B11, Liu SF12, Hashemian SM13, Kashif W14, Staworn D15, Palo JE16, Koh Y17; ACME Study Investigators and the Asian Critical Care Clinical Trials Group.
J Immigr Minor Health. 2015 Jan 23. [Epub ahead of print]
The Impact of Gender Differences in Attitudes and Beliefs Concerning HBV Vaccination and Screening in the Lao Community.
Akosionu O1, Virnig B, Call KT, Yuan JM, Chanthanouvong S, Nguyen RH.
Asian Pac J Cancer Prev. 2014;15(24):10565-71.
Gastric cancer in asian american populations: a neglected health disparity.
Taylor VM1, Ko LK, Hwang JH, Sin MK, Inadomi JM.
J Immigr Minor Health. 2015 Feb 5. [Epub ahead of print]
Diabetes and Cardiovascular Disease Risk in Cambodian Refugees.
Marshall GN1, Schell TL, Wong EC, Berthold SM, Hambarsoomian K, Elliott MN, Bardenheier BH, Gregg EW.
J Am Geriatr Soc. 2015 Feb;63(2):365-70. doi: 10.1111/jgs.13192. Epub 2015 Feb 2.
Reducing cancer screening disparities in medicare beneficiaries through cancer patient navigation.
Braun KL1, Thomas WL Jr, Domingo JL, Allison AL, Ponce A, Haunani Kamakana P, Brazzel SS, Emmett Aluli N, Tsark JU.
J Gen Intern Med. 2015 Feb 26. [Epub ahead of print]
Health Literacy as a Social Determinant of Health in Asian American Immigrants: Findings from a Population-Based Survey in California.
Lee HY1, Rhee TG, Kim NK, Ahluwalia JS.
J Am Coll Cardiol. 2015 Mar 17;65(10):1013-25. doi: 10.1016/j.jacc.2014.12.044.
Status of cardiovascular health in chinese adults.
Bi Y1, Jiang Y2, He J3, Xu Y4, Wang L2, Xu M1, Zhang M2, Li Y2, Wang T1, Dai M1, Lu J1, Li M1, Chen CS3, Lai S5, Wang W6, Wang L7, Ning G8; 2010 China Noncommunicable Disease Surveillance Group.
Prim Care Diabetes. 2015 Mar 7. pii: S1751-9918(15)00017-0. doi: 10.1016/j.pcd.2015.02.002. [Epub ahead of print]
Family physician ethnicity influences quality of diabetes care for Chinese but not South Asian patients.
Shah BR1, Hwee J2, Anand SS3, Austin PC4, Manuel DG5, Hux JE2.
J Immigr Minor Health. 2015 Mar 22. [Epub ahead of print]
Health Care Access Among Asian American Subgroups: The Role of Residential Segregation.Carreon DC1, Baumeister SE.
J Natl Cancer Inst. 2015 Mar 20;107(6). pii: djv054. doi: 10.1093/jnci/djv054. Print 2015 Jun.
Cancer-specific mortality of asian americans diagnosed with cancer: a nationwide population-based assessment.
Trinh QD1, Nguyen PL1, Leow JJ1, Dalela D1, Chao GF1, Mahal BA1, Nayak M1, Schmid M1, Choueiri TK1, Aizer AA1.
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